Session: 624. Hodgkin Lymphoma and T/NK Cell Lymphoma—Clinical Studies: T Cell Lymphoma: Chemotherapy and Targeted Approaches
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adult, Diseases, Lymphoma (any), Therapies, Non-Biological, chemical interactions, Biological Processes, T-Cell Lymphoma, epigenetics, Study Population, Lymphoid Malignancies, Clinically relevant
Methods: Patients with R/R lymphoma were eligible for the phase 1, whereas the phase 2 only enrolled patients with PTCL, and included both R/R and treatment-naïve individuals. The dose-escalation portion of the study followed a 3+3 design with progressively increasing dose intensity across 7 cohorts. The phase 1 primary objectives were determination of the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity. Phase 2 primary objectives were overall response rate (ORR, i.e., complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]), progression free survival, and duration of response (DOR).
Results: 36 patients have been enrolled to date, 26 in phase 1 and 10 in phase 2. In the intention-to-treat population the median age was 56 years [23–83] with 59% being males. Twelve patients had Hodgkin lymphoma, 8 had a B-cell lymphoma, and 16 had a T-cell lymphoma (6 enrolled in the phase 1 and 10 in phase 2). The median number of prior therapies was 6 [1–15] for the phase 1 population and 1 [0-6] for the phase 2.
After a median of 2 cycles [0-16], all phase 1 patients have discontinued therapy, whereas 6 out of 10 patients in phase 2 are still on treatment after a median of 2.5 cycles [1-14]. No patient discontinued therapy due to adverse events (AE). The most frequent hematologic G3-4 AE included neutropenia (39%), lymphopenia (39%), and thrombocytopenia (28%). The most frequent non-hematologic G3-4 AE included febrile neutropenia (8%), hyponatremia (5%), and lung infection (5%). Other common G1-2 toxicities included hyperglycemia, hypoalbuminemia, nausea/vomiting, and fatigue. The recommended phase 2 dose for the combination was declared AZA 300 mg days 1–14 and ROMI 14 mg/m2 days 8, 15, and 22 on a 35-day cycle.
Thirty-two patients are evaluable for response. Of these, 27 had measurable disease. The ORR and CR in the overall population are 41% and 22%, respectively. However, while only 2 (11%) patients with non-T-cell lymphoma responded, of which one was a CR, 11 of 14 (79%) patients with T-cell lymphoma responded, including 6 (43%) who attained CR (see waterfall plot in figure). Notably, all 6 evaluable patients with AITL responded, and 3 achieved a CR. Two of these 3 achieved PR before reaching CR. Responses have been durable and the median DOR has not been reached [0.2-13.1+ months]. The AUC for ROMI at 10 mg/m2 (N = 15) and 14 mg/m2 (N = 20) were 2021.5 +/- 1461.3 h*ng/mL and 1565.7 +/- 5656.2 h*ng/mL, respectively, with a median half-life of 4.8 and 4.9 hours respectively, which is comparable to single-agent values.
Conclusions: The combination of AZA and ROMI is well tolerated, with cytopenias being the most common G3-4 AE. The combination appears to exhibit marked T-cell lineage-specific activity. The 100% ORR in AITL patients is unprecedented and warrants detailed follow-up. Ongoing sequencing analysis will evaluate the impact of recurring mutations on the clinical activity of the combination. The study is actively accruing (NCT01998035).
Disclosures: Sawas: Gilead: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Seattle Genetics: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Daiichi Sankyo: Speakers Bureau; Affimed: Research Funding. O'Connor: Celgene: Research Funding; ADC Therapeutics: Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding.
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