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2251 Cost Simulation for Febrile Neutropenia Hospitalization in the US Due to Pegfilgrastim on-Body Injector Failure Compared to Single-Injection Pegfilgrastim and Daily Injections with Reference and Biosimilar Filgrastim in Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 902. Health Services Research—Malignant Diseases: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, Therapies, bone marrow
Saturday, December 1, 2018, 6:15 PM-8:15 PM
Hall GH (San Diego Convention Center)

Ali McBride, PharmD, MS1,2,3, Andriy Krendyukov, MD, MBA4*, Nicola Mathieson4*, Kim Campbell, PharmD5*, Sanjeev Balu, PhD5*, Karen MacDonald, PhD6* and Ivo Abraham, PhD, RN6,7,8,9

1Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, The University of Arizona College of Pharmacy, Tucson, AZ
2Banner University Medical Center, Tucson, AZ
3Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ
4Sandoz Biopharmaceuticals, HEXAL AG, Holzkirchen, DEU
5Sandoz, Princeton, NJ
6Matrix45, Tucson, AZ
7University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ
8Center for Health Outcomes and PharmacoEconomic Research, University of Arizona - College of Pharmacy, Tucson, AZ
9Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

Introduction: Failure rates ranging from 1.7-3.8% of the pegfilgrastim on-body injector (PEG-OBI) device have been reported (Joshi, Curr Med Res Opin 2017; Stuessy, J Clin Onc 2017; Mahler, Clin J Onc Nurs 2017). Failures may increase the risk of chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia (FN) and FN-related hospitalizations (FN-HOSP) beyond the FN and FN-HOSP rates for prophylaxis with single-injection pegfilgrastim (PEG) or daily injections of reference (REF-FIL) or Sandoz filgrastim biosimilar (BIOSIM-FIL). We aimed to estimate for a US panel of 10,000 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) the total incremental costs of PEG-OBI prophylaxis and incremental FN-HOSP costs at different PEG-OBI failure rates versus (vs) assured prophylaxis administration with PEG, REF-FIL, or BIOSIM-FIL.

Methods: Simulation analysis from a US payer perspective of the total incremental prophylaxis costs associated with PEG-OBI failure rates of 1-5% compared to assured prophylaxis administration with PEG, REF-FIL, and BIOSIM-FIL in chemotherapy cycle 1 for a panel of 10,000 NHL patients. Filgrastim daily injection regimens included real-world durations of 5 (Gascón, Support Care Cancer 2016) and 6.5 days (Weycker, Ann Pharmacother 2006) and standard 11 days, all clinician-administered. Differential base rates of FN-HOSP (rate of FN-HOSP without colony-stimulating factor [CSF] minus rate with CSF) in NHL patients was computed for two chemotherapy regimens: 1) cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP) (Chrischilles, Cancer Control 2002; 13.25% with CSF, 23.28% without), and 2) CHOP or cyclophosphamide, mitoxantrone, vincristine and prednisone (CNOP) (Osby, Blood 2003; 33.0% with CSF, 50.0% without). Costs (US$) were based on 1Q2018 average selling price for drugs and 2018 Current Procedural Terminology reimbursement for administration. FN-HOSP costs in 2012 of $25,676 per episode for NHL patients (Tai, J Oncol Pract 2017) were adjusted per the Consumer Price Index for Medical Care to $29,938.63 for 2018.

Results: Table 1 (Chrischilles; CHOP) and Table 2 (Osby; CHOP/CNOP) present, for PEG-OBI failures rates of 0.01-0.05, the incremental number of patients at risk for FN-HOSP and associated incremental costs; and total incremental costs of PEG-OBI prophylaxis over the costs of assured prophylaxis administration with other CSFs in CTX cycle 1 for a panel of 10,000 NHL patients. Except for one scenario (savings of $72,916 at 0.1 failure rate due to the lower PEG-OBI administration costs), all scenarios showed incremental costs associated with PEG-OBI prophylaxis and failures of the PEG-OBI device (Tables 1 and 2). Per Chrischilles rates, in a panel of 10,000 NHL patients, incremental FN-HOSP costs due to PEG-OBI device failure ranged from $300,284 (at 0.01 failure rate) to $1,501,422 (at 0.05 failure rate). Total incremental costs of PEG-OBI over PEG ranged from $227,369 to $1,128,222. Total incremental costs of PEG-OBI over REF-FIL ranged from $6,794,984 to $28,859,922; and over BIOSIM-FIL from $19,004,984 to $34,409,922. Per the Osby rates, in a panel of 10,000 NHL patients, incremental FN-HOSP costs due to PEG-OBI device failure ranged from $508,957 to $2,544,784. Total incremental costs of PEG-OBI over PEG ranged from $135,757 to $2,171,584; over REF-FIL from $7,003,657 to $29,903,284; and over BIOSIM-FIL from $19,213,657 to $35,453,284.

Conclusions: In this simulation of NHL patients treated with CHOP or CNOP, the total incremental costs of PEG-OBI prophylaxis vs assured prophylaxis administration with other CSFs vary as a function of PEG-OBI failure rates, baseline and failure-associated FN-HOSP risk, and the alternative CSF prophylaxis option. Incremental costs of PEG-OBI prophylaxis and failure are lowest vs PEG and highest vs BIOSIM-FIL at real-world duration of 5 days.

Disclosures: Krendyukov: Sandoz: Employment. Mathieson: Sandoz: Employment. Campbell: Sandoz Inc.: Employment. Balu: Sandoz Inc.: Employment. MacDonald: Sandoz: Consultancy. Abraham: Sandoz: Consultancy.

*signifies non-member of ASH