Session: 703. Adoptive Immunotherapy: Poster I
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, viral, Biological, Therapies, Infectious Diseases, immunotherapy, Clinically relevant, transplantation
To determine the occurrence and diversity of allo-HLA cross-reactivity, virus specific CD8 T cells from homozygous HLA-A*01:01/B*08:01 and HLA-A*02:01/B*07:02 donors were isolated by cell sorting using tetramers for various peptides from CMV, EBV and AdV. Allo-HLA cross-reactivity was tested using an allogeneic EBV-LCL panel covering 116 different HLA molecules and confirmed using K562 cells retrovirally transduced with single HLA alleles of interest.
A significant proportion of the virus specific T cell populations (n=174; 20 specificities) isolated from 27 healthy donors exerted allo-HLA cross-reactivity, as measured by recognition of 1 or more HLA mismatched EBV-LCLs from the panel. Similar frequencies were found for the various viral specificities showing 30% of the CMV, 46% of the EBV and 36% of the AdV-specific T cell populations to be allo-HLA cross-reactive. However, for some specificities (e.g. HLA-A*0201-restricted EBV-LMP2-FLY) allo-HLA cross-reactivity was infrequent (n=1/11), whereas for other specificities (e.g. HLA-B*08:01-restricted EBV-BZLF1-RAK) the majority of the T cell populations (n=9/13) was allo-HLA reactive. Surprisingly, a much larger fraction of HLA-B*08:01 restricted virus specific T cell populations showed allo-HLA cross-reactivity (72%, 36 out of 50 T cell lines), compared to the other HLA restricted virus specific T cell populations (29% of HLA-A*01:01, 30% of HLA-A*02:01 and 26% of HLA-B*07:02 restricted virus specific T cell lines). HLA-B*08:01 restricted virus specific T cells also exhibited the broadest allo-HLA reactivity, reacting to a median of 5 allo EBV-LCLs (range 1-17). In contrast, HLA-A*01:01, HLA-A*02:01 and HLA-B*07:02 restricted virus specific T cells reacted to a median of 1, 2 and 3 (ranges 1-7) allo EBV-LCLs, respectively. Dissection of the diversity/specificity of the allo-HLA reactivity using the panel of 40 different single HLA transduced K562 cells further illustrated the extensive allo-HLA cross-reactivity for HLA-B*08:01 restricted T cells isolated from homozygous HLA-A*01/B*08 donors compared to virus specific T cells restricted by other HLA alleles.
These data show that allo-HLA cross-reactivity by virus specific T cells is highly influenced by the HLA restriction and not by the viral specificity of the T cell populations. Of the HLA-A*01, A*02, B*07 and B*08-restricted virus specific T cell populations isolated from homozygous donors, HLA-B*08:01 restricted virus specific T cells showed the highest frequency and diversity of allo-HLA cross-reactivity. Our results indicate that selection of virus specific T cells with specific HLA restrictions may decrease the risk of developing GVHD after infusion of third-party virus specific T cells to patients with uncontrolled viral reactivation after alloSCT.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.