Session: 508. Bone Marrow Failure: Ribosomopathies: Novel Therapeutic Targets
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Adult, Diseases, Non-Biological, Therapies, Bone Marrow Failure, Pediatric, Study Population, Clinically relevant, pharmacology
Methods: The primary objectives were to determine the feasibility of administering L-leucine in subjects with DBA who are red cell transfusion-dependent and to determine the efficacy of L-leucine to produce a hematologic and growth response. The secondary objective was to determine the safety profile of L-leucine. Twelve study sites were involved in this multi-center, Phase I/II study with an anticipated accrual of 50 subjects. A dose of 700 mg/M2 orally three times per day for 9 months was used. Inclusion criteria included age > 2 years, the diagnosis of DBA and transfusion dependence with adequate kidney and liver function. Response was evaluated at 9 months with Complete Response (CR) defined as no further transfusions required and Hb >9; Partial Response (PR): Hb < 9 gm/dL with an increase in reticulocyte count and transfusion interval; and No Response (NR): no change in transfusion needs, Hb or reticulocyte count . Growth percentiles were evaluated at baseline and at completion of 9 months of treatment and the growth velocity change was calculated.
Results: The study opened July 2014 and closed February 2017; 55 subjects were consented; 12 were screen failures; 43 subjects were evaluable. There were 21 males; the median age was 9 years 1 month (2 years 5 months - 46 years 1 month). There were no untoward side effects experienced by any subject that were attributable to the L-leucine. Two subjects had an erythroid CR and 1 subject had a PR. The CRs occurred at 1 month and 3 months after start of L-leucine. The subject with PR had an elevated reticulocyte count but was not able to maintain a Hb >9 gm/dL without a transfusion and thus was not transfusion independent. Of the 30 subjects with growth potential who received L-leucine 10 experienced a positive growth velocity change at 9 months of therapy compared to baseline. At a median age of 7.5 years, the mean pre-leucine height percentile was 27 +/- 17.9 and the post-leucine height percentile was 35 +/- 19.9 (p <0.01). The mean weight percentile pre-leucine was 35.4 +/- 26.6 versus the post-Leucine weight percentile of 38.4 +/- 28.1.
Conclusions: The administration of L-leucine is safe. L-leucine administration resulted in an erythroid response in 7% of subjects and an increased growth velocity in 33% of growing subjects. Based upon extrapolation from animal models, it is likely that this dose was suboptimal. We hypothesize that higher doses of L-leucine will lead to hematologic responses in more subjects who are transfusion dependent. The potential benefit of added growth in children with DBA may improve final adult height.
Disclosures: Glader: Agios: Consultancy, Research Funding.
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