Session: 604. Molecular Pharmacology and Drug Resistance in Myeloid Diseases: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Biological, AML, Diseases, Non-Biological, Therapies, chemical interactions, Biological Processes, Technology and Procedures, enzyme inhibitors, epigenetics, Myeloid Malignancies, metabolomics, RNA sequencing
Results: Here we focused on Jumonji domain that is responsible for enzymatic activities of histone demethylases for identifying potential small molecule modulators of histone demethylases. We selected Jumonji domain of histone H3 lysine (H3K9) demethylase JMJD1C with KDM4C as reference to screen for potential small molecular modulators from 149,519 natural products and 33,765 Chinese medicine components through virtual screening method. Although identified independently from each other, compound #4 and #12 both share a common structural backbone and surface plasmon resonance analysis showed that #4 and #12 bind to JMJD1C, KDM3 family member KDM3B, and KDM4 family member KDM4C with modest affinity. In vivo demethylation assay showed that #4 induces global increase of H3K9 methylation. In vitro demethylation assay showed that #4 is able to reverse H3K9 demethylation conferred by KDM3B and KDM4C. We thus named #4 and #12 as JI-4 and JI-12 (JI, Jumonji inhibitor). Cell proliferation and colony formation assays showed that JI-4 and JI-12 predominantly kill MLLr AL. To increase evidence, multiple similar compounds to JI-4 and JI-12 were tested for cell proliferation repression and JI-16 was found to show superior killing activities against hematopoietic malignant cells compared to JI-4 and JI-12. Mechanistically, JI-16 not only induces apoptosis but also differentiation of MLLr AL cells. Transcriptome analysis and quantitative PCR (QPCR) showed that JI-16 induced gene expression profiling is especially enriched in gene sets involved in metabolism.
Conclusion: To sum up, we identified potential pan-inhibitors of the Jumonji domain of histone demethylases. Binding in-vivo is followed by selective killing of MLLr AL cells.
Disclosures. No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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