Session: 634. Myeloproliferative Syndromes: Clinical: Poster III
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, Adult, MPN, thrombocythemia, Study Population, Myeloid Malignancies
Methods: MOST is a multicenter, noninterventional, prospective, observational study in patients with a clinical diagnosis of specific risk categories of MF or ET (NCT02953704). Eligible patients with ET included high-risk patients (≥ 60 years of age and/or a history of thromboembolic events [TEs]), or low-risk patients currently receiving ET-directed therapy. Key exclusion criteria included participation in blinded investigational drug studies, life expectancy ≤ 6 months, or diagnosis of other malignancy. Data regarding disease and clinical characteristics are collected at usual-care visits over a planned 36-month observation period. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics at enrollment were described with descriptive statistics.
Results: At data cutoff (May 18, 2018), 793 eligible patients were enrolled from 85 sites since November 29, 2016. The median age at enrollment was 70 (range, 24-95) years, 66.5% were female, and 89.8% were Caucasian. The median time from ET diagnosis to enrollment was 4.2 (range, 0.0-42.1) years with a proportion of patients diagnosed within 1 year (19.5%), 1 to < 5 years (35.0%), 5 to < 10 years (21.7%), or ≥ 10 years (23.8%) of enrollment. Approximately 40% of patients were retired and 42.7% were working full- or part-time at enrollment. A total of 212 patients (26.7%) had a history of TE at the time of enrollment. The type of TE was available for 148 patients, the most common was arterial events (53.4%); 33.1% had venous, and 13.5% of patients had both arterial and venous events. Six hundred and eighty-eight patients (86.8%) were classified as high-risk. Assessments at the time of ET diagnosis, among evaluable patients, included bone marrow biopsy (51.4%; 393/765) and mutational testing (77.2%; 590/764). Three hundred and forty-nine patients had mutation test results reported at the time of diagnosis; of patients with JAK2 V617F test results reported at the time of diagnosis (n = 313), 78.6% were positive for JAK2 V617F (Table 1). Laboratory values and peripheral blood counts were reported for patients with available data (Table 2). The majority of patients (87.9%) had received at least 1 ET-directed therapy prior to enrollment, which in some cases was the same medication the patient was receiving at the time of enrollment. At the time of enrollment, 740 patients (93.3%) were receiving at least 1 current ET-directed therapy, including HU (71.6%; 530/740), anagrelide (13.1%; 97/740), ruxolitinib (4.7%; 35/740), interferon (3.0%; 22/740), and busulfan (0.3%; 2/740). Of 793 patients, the most frequently occurring relevant comorbid conditions were hypertension (52.7%), history of smoking (44.7%), and hyperlipidemia (24.1%). Among 761 patients with ET-related symptoms assessed at diagnosis, the most common symptoms documented by healthcare providers included constitutional (22.9%), vasomotor (16.0%), and spleen-associated symptoms (3.9%), and pruritus (2.6%).
Conclusions: Prior real-world data in ET has predominately been generated outside of the United States or has been reported from single institutional experiences. The MOST study will provide a more complete picture of the patient characteristics and outcomes of patients receiving ET-directed therapy in the United States. Ultimately, these data will be important for determining ET treatment gaps and areas of unmet need.
Disclosures: Yacoub: Novartis: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Ardelyx, INC.: Equity Ownership; Inycte: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Seattle Genetics: Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Dynavax: Equity Ownership; Cara Therapeutics: Equity Ownership; Hylapharm: Equity Ownership. Verstovsek: Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Italfarmaco: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Incyte: Consultancy. Shao: ASH: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; ASCO: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Agrawal: Incyte: Speakers Bureau. Sivaraman: Incyte: Employment. Colucci: Incyte: Employment, Equity Ownership. Yao: Incyte: Employment. Mascarenhas: Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Promedior: Research Funding; CTI Biopharma: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding; Incyte: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Roche: Research Funding; Janssen: Research Funding.
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