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121 Carfilzomib-Lenalidomide-Dexamethasone (KRd) Induction-Autologous Transplant (ASCT)-Krd Consolidation Vs Krd 12 Cycles Vs Carfilzomib-Cyclophosphamide-Dexamethasone (KCd) Induction-ASCT-Kcd Consolidation: Analysis of the Randomized Forte Trial in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (NDMM)

Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Type: Oral
Session: 731. Clinical Autologous Transplantation: Results: Multiple Myeloma: Upfront Autologous Transplantation
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
multiple myeloma, Diseases, Plasma Cell Disorders, Lymphoid Malignancies
Saturday, December 1, 2018: 9:30 AM
Grand Hall C (Manchester Grand Hyatt San Diego)

Francesca Gay, MD1, Chiara Cerrato, MD1*, Delia Rota Scalabrini, MD1*, Monica Galli, MD1*, Angelo Belotti, MD1*, Elena Zamagni, MD1*, Antonio Ledda, MD1*, Mariella Grasso, MD1*, Emanuele Angelucci, MD1*, Anna Marina Liberati, MD1*, Patrizia Tosi, MD1*, Francesco Pisani, MD1*, Stefano Spada1*, Ombretta Annibali, MD1*, Anna Baraldi, MD1*, Paola Omedé1*, Piero Galieni, MD1*, Rita Rizzi, MD1*, Norbert Pescosta, MD1*, Sonia Ronconi, MD1*, Donatella Vincelli, MD1*, Anna Maria Cafro, MD1*, Massimo Offidani, MD1, Antonio Palumbo, MD2, Pellegrino Musto, MD1*, Michele Cavo, MD1* and Mario Boccadoro, MD1,3

1GIMEMA, European Myeloma Network, Italy
2University of Torino - Currently Takeda Pharmaceuticals Co., Torino, Italy - Zurich, Switzerland
3Città della Salute e della Scienza, Università di Torino, Division of Hematology, Torino Italy, Torino, Italy

Background: Proteasome inhibitor (PI)-based induction and consolidation proved to be effective in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients (pts) eligible for melphalan 200 mg/m2-autologous stem cell transplant (MEL200-ASCT). High response rates have been reported with the second-generation PI Carfilzomib in combination with Lenalidomide-dexamethasone (KRd) or Cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone (KCd).

Aims: The primary aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of KRd induction-ASCT-KRd consolidation (KRd-ASCT-KRd) vs 12 cycles of KRd (KRd12) vs KCd induction-ASCT-KCd consolidation (KCd-ASCT-KCd).

Methods: NDMM pts ≤65 years were randomized (1:1:1; stratification ISS and age) to: KRd-ASCT-KRd: 4 28-day cycles with KRd induction (Carfilzomib 20/36 mg/m2 IV days 1,2,8,9,15,16; Lenalidomide 25 mg days 1-21; dexamethasone 20 mg days 1,2,8,9,15,16) followed by MEL200-ASCT and 4 KRd consolidation cycles; KRd12: 12 KRd cycles; KCd-ASCT-KCd: 4 28-day induction cycles with KCd (Carfilzomib 20/36 mg/m2 IV days 1,2,8,9,15,16; Cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 days 1,8,15; dexamethasone 20 mg days 1,2,8,9,15,16) followed by MEL200-ASCT and 4 KCd consolidation cycles. Thereafter, pts were randomized to maintenance with Lenalidomide alone or plus Carfilzomib. Centralized minimal residual disease (MRD) evaluation - 8-color second generation flow cytometry, sensitivity 10-5 - was performed in pts achieving ≥very good partial response (VGPR). Endpoints were pre-maintenance stringent complete response (sCR) and MRD negativity in intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis. Data cut-off was May 30, 2018.

Results: 474 NDMM pts were randomized (KRd-ASCT-KRd, n=158; KRd12, n=157; KCd-ASCT-KCd, n=159) and analyzed. Pts characteristics were well balanced. Median follow-up was 20 months. Depth of response improved during treatment (Figure). By ITT analysis, rates of pre-maintenance sCR was similar between KRd-ASCT-KRd (41%) and KRd12 (42%), and significantly higher than with KCd-ASCT-KCd (30%; P value KRd-ASCT-KRd vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.047; P value KRd12 vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.028). Similarly, rate of ≥CR was 49% with KRd-ASCT-KRd, 52% with KRd12 and 38% with KCd-ASCT-KCd (P value KRd-ASCT-KRd vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.041; P value KRd12 vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.014) and rate of ≥CR+unconfirmed CR (missing immunofixation confirmation) raised to 60% vs 63% vs 46% in the 3 groups, respectively; rate of ≥VGPR was 88% with KRd-ASCT-KRd, 86% with KRd12 and 74% with KCd-ASCT-KCd (P value KRd-ASCT-KRd vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.002; P value KRd12 vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.008). In multivariate analysis, the main factor affecting probability of achieving ≥VGPR, ≥CR or sCR was treatment with KRd-ASCT-KRd or KRd12 vs KCd, with no significant impact of ISS Stage or FISH abnormalities. In ITT analysis (MRD missing [31/395 VGPR pts, 8%] and <VGPR were considered as MRD positive), MRD negativity was again similar with KRd-ASCT-KRd (58%) and KRd12 (54%) and significantly higher than with KCd-ASCT-KCd (41%; P value KRd-ASCT-KRd vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.004; P value KRd12 vs KCd-ASCT-KCd=0.023); 82% vs 78% vs 88% of pts in the 3 groups, respectively, could maintain extended MRD negative status with 2 MRD negative results obtained apart ≥6 months (either pre-ASCT and post consolidation or post consolidation and during maintenance). During treatment (excluding ASCT) the most frequent grade 3-4 AEs were neutropenia (KRd-ASCT-KRd 20%, KRd12 10%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 16%), thrombocytopenia (KRd-ASCT-KRd 15%, KRd12 8%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 13%) and infections (KRd-ASCT-KRd 14%, KRd12 12%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 13%). Grade 3-4 dermatologic AEs (KRd-ASCT-KRd, 5% with KRd12 12%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 1%), increase in liver enzymes (KRd-ASCT-KRd 9%, KRd12 10%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 1%) and hypertension (KRd-ASCT-KRd 3%, KRd12 8%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 3%) were more frequent with KRd12. Rates of grade 3-4 cardiac AEs (KRd-ASCT-KRd 3%, KRd12 2%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 4%) and thrombosis (KRd-ASCT-KRd 1%, KRd12 2%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 2%) were below 5% in all arms. Discontinuation for AEs was similar in the 3 arms (KRd-ASCT-KRd 6%, KRd12 8%, KCd-ASCT-KCd 7%).

Conclusions: Rates of MRD negativity, sCR, ≥CR, ≥VGPR were significantly higher with KRd-ASCT-KRd and KRd12 vs KCd. At present, no differences in MRD and overall best response (sCR, ≥CR, ≥VGPR) were noticed between KRd-ASCT-KRd and KRd12; longer follow-up is needed to evaluate survival. Treatment was well tolerated. Updated data will be presented at the meeting.

Disclosures: Gay: Amgen: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Celgene: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Janssen: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Roche: Other: Advisory Board; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board. Galli: Sigma-Tau: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria. Belotti: Celgene: Other: Advisory Board; Amgen: Other: Advisory Board. Zamagni: BMS: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Angelucci: Novartis: Honoraria, Other: Chair Steering Committee TELESTO protocol in MDS; Celgene: Honoraria, Other: Chair DMC proptocol BELIEVE 1 and BELIVE 2 in Thalassemia; Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated (MA) and CRISPR Therapeutics AG (CH): Other: Chair DMC CRISPR CAS9 in Hemoglobinopathies; Jazz Pharmaceuticals Italy: Other: Local (national) advisory board on AML; Roche Italia: Other: Local (national) advisory board on biosimilars. Annibali: Celgene; Takeda; Amgen, Janssen Cilag: Honoraria. Offidani: Amgen: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Takeda: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Janssen: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Celgene: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Other: Advisory Board. Palumbo: Takeda: Employment. Musto: Amgen: Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria. Cavo: GlaxoSmithKline: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Boccadoro: Sanofi: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding; Sanofi: Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding.

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