Session: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Novel Antibody Combinations in Myeloma
Hematology Disease Topics & Pathways:
Diseases, Biological, multiple myeloma, Adult, antibodies, Therapies, Study Population, Plasma Cell Disorders, Lymphoid Malignancies
Methods: This is an ongoing, multicenter, single-arm, open-label, phase 2 study conducted at US community oncology centers in pts aged ≥18 years with documented MM per IMWG criteria; measurable disease; ECOG performance score (PS) of 0-2; and ≤1 prior line of therapy. Pts received 4-8 cycles (C) of dara-CyBorD (oral cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22; subcutaneous bortezomib 1.5 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8, and 15; and oral or IV dexamethasone 40 mg weekly) every 28 days. Dara was administered at 8 mg/kg IV in 500 ml on Days 1 and 2 of C1, 16 mg/kg weekly from C1D8 through C2, 16 mg/kg every 2 weeks (q2w) for C3-6, and 16 mg/kg q4w for C7-8. After induction, pts could undergo autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). All pts receive 12 cycles of maintenance dara 16 mg/kg IV q4w. The primary endpoint was the proportion of pts achieving very good partial response or better (VGPR+) after 4 induction cycles using a computer algorithm based upon IMWG response criteria.
Results: A total of 101 (87 ND, 14 RMM) pts were enrolled; 100 (86 ND, 14 RMM) pts received at least 1 dose of study treatment. Median age was 63 years (63 ND, 68 RMM); most pts were white (81%), male (64%), had ECOG PS 0-1 (94%), and had IgG (57%) or IgA (17%) MM; 35% of pts had high-risk cytogenetics defined as del(17p), t(4:14), or t(14;16). Eighty-two ND pts completed at least 4 induction cycles, 55 at least 6 cycles, and 26 the maximum of 8 cycles; 28 ND pts underwent ASCT by the data cutoff date. After 4 induction cycles, 44% of ND pts achieved VGPR+ (5% CR) with an overall response rate (ORR) of 79%. The VGPR+ rate (57%), CR rate (14%), and ORR (71%) were similar in RMM pts. At the end of induction (median 6 cycles), the VGPR+ rate, CR rate, and ORR in ND pts were 56%, 9%, and 81%, respectively. With a median follow up of 7.9 months, median PFS and OS were not reached; the 12-month PFS and OS rates were 87% and 99%, respectively, in ND pts. All 100 evaluable pts experienced ≥1 treatment-emergent adverse event (AE). AEs with incidence ≥20% included fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, cough, insomnia, vomiting, constipation, upper respiratory tract infection, dyspnea, headache, and back pain. Grade ≥3 AEs were reported for 56% of pts; the most common (≥10%) was neutropenia. Serious AEs (SAEs) occurred in 21% of pts; the most common (≥2%) were atrial fibrillation, bacteremia, pulmonary embolism, and mental status changes. AEs led to permanent treatment discontinuation in 3% of pts. Infusion reactions (IRs) occurred in 54% of pts, including 49% at C1D1 and 4% at C1D2; 2 Grade 3 IRs (hypertension, anaphylactic reaction) occurred at C1D1; no Grade ≥4 IRs occurred. The most common (≥5%) IRs were chills, cough, dyspnea, nausea, pruritus, and flushing. Median infusion time was 4.5 hours for C1D1, 3.8 hours for C1D2, and 3.5 hours for subsequent doses.
Conclusion: Dara-CyBorD was active and well tolerated in pts with ND and RMM, including pts with high-risk cytogenetics. ORR, VGPR+, and CR rates improved with cycles 5-8 of induction, indicating that longer therapy with dara results in deeper response. Preliminary PFS and OS data in ND pts in the first year are comparable to dara-VMP. The safety profile was consistent with that previously reported for dara, with no new safety signals observed. Split first daratumumab dosing was feasible, reduced Day 1 infusion time, and resulted in a similar IR rate as previously described for single-dose administration. These findings indicate that dara-CyBorD, using a split-dose first infusion, can be safely administered in the community setting and may be an effective treatment option for pts with MM.
www.clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT02951819
Disclosures: Yimer: Seattle Genetics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; AstraZeneca: Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Clovis Oncology: Equity Ownership; Puma Biotechnology: Equity Ownership; Epizyme: Equity Ownership; Celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Melear: Janssen: Speakers Bureau. Faber: Amgen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Genentech: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Cardinal Health: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Bensinger: celgene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Takeda: Speakers Bureau; amgen: Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau. Burke: Gilead: Consultancy; Genentech: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Tempus Labs: Consultancy. Narang: Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau. Stevens: Bayer: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Gunawardena: Janssen/ Johnson & Johnson: Employment, Equity Ownership. Lutska: Janssen/ Johnson & Johnson: Employment, Equity Ownership. Qi: Janssen/ Johnson & Johnson: Employment, Equity Ownership. Ukropec: Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC: Employment. Qi: Janssen Research & Development, LLC: Employment. Lin: Janssen/ Johnson & Johnson: Employment, Equity Ownership. Rifkin: Amgen: Consultancy; McKesson: Equity Ownership; Boehringer Ingelheim: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; EMD Serono: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Sandoz: Consultancy.
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