Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 801. Gene Therapy and Transfer: Poster I
Method: Ten HB subjects were infused with 5 x 1011 vg/kg SPK-9001, containing a transgene cassette encoding FIX-Padua that confers ~8-12 - fold higher specific activity than wild-type factor IX (Simioni et al. 2009, Crudele et al. 2016). T cell responses to the SPK-9001 AAV capsid and transgene product were monitored post-infusion using a validated interferon-γ enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) assay, with a threshold for positivity of > 50 spot forming units (SFU) per 106 PBMC.
Results: As of 7/26/17, 10 subjects are 26 –78 weeks post SPK-9001 infusion with mean sustained FIX:C of 33.8±18.1% (mean±SD). There were no vector or procedure-related adverse events. All subjects discontinued prophylaxis and had a significant reduction in the annualized bleeding rate (p<0.0001). No patients exhibited a significant T cell response to the transgene product, including the Padua mutation site. T cell responses against the viral capsid generally fell into 3 categories: 5 subjects had no detectable response to capsid; 3 subjects had a transient T cell response that peaked at week 2 that quickly resolved without intervention; 2 subjects demonstrated a T cell response that persisted for longer than 3 weeks. The persistent T cell responses observed in the 2 subjects correlated with an asymptomatic increase of liver transaminases. One subject was administered a course of prednisone starting on day 56, after which FIX:C levels stabilized and T cell reactivity quickly returned to baseline levels. An orthogonal peptide matrix approach identified 1 candidate AAV epitope, SEYQLPYVL, which is a MHC Class I predicted binder for the subject’s HLA-B*18 haplotype according to bioinformatics prediction algorithms. This epitope is highly conserved across AAV serotypes. In response to grade I transaminase toxicity, the second subject was administered steroids starting on day 36. Concurrent ELISPOT values were elevated (1260 SFU/106 PBMC), but not associated with a decline in FIX:C and the subject maintained FIX:C in the normal range. Like the subject’s LFTs, the ELISPOT response markedly decreased with steroids while his FIX:C remained stable at ~80%. This subject continues to demonstrate a low-positivity to AAV capsid peptides through 32 weeks and off steroids, but the persistent T cell response has not been associated with a decline in FIX:C or impact on overall efficacy. Further ELISPOT analysis on this subject identified 4 AAV T cell epitopes that are predicted binders for 2 of this subject’s alleles, HLA-A*03 and HLA-B*07.
We report consistent levels of sustained plasma FIX:C of 33.8±18.1% (mean±SD) in 10 subjects to date. Observed T cell responses to the AAV capsid occurred in 2/10 subjects that required steroid intervention. The early administration of immunosuppression and subsequent decrease in T cell response in the absence of a corresponding loss in FIX:C suggests that prompt recognition of a capsid immune response and early steroid intervention is critical. Furthermore, persistence of detectable T cell responses late in the time-course, with no association with a diminution in FIX:C, may suggest that circulating T cells may be present long after transduced hepatocytes cease presenting capsid peptides. Preliminary data suggest that our validated method for assessing T cell responses can detect responses that require management with steroids to ensure continuous FIX expression.
Disclosures: Hui: Spark Therapeutics: Employment, Equity Ownership. Liu: Spark Therapeutics: Employment. Patel: Spark Therapeutics: Employment. Chen: Spark Therapeutics: Employment. George: Pfizer: Consultancy; Spark Therapeutics: Other: Principal Investigator of Ongoing Phase I/II Gene Therapy Trials for Hemophilia A and B. Rasko: Genea: Equity Ownership; Novartis: Other: Clinical trials, Speakers Bureau; Spark: Equity Ownership, Other: clinical trials, Speakers Bureau; Rarecyte: Consultancy, Equity Ownership; President-Elect International Society for Cellular Therapy: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; IMAGO Biosciences: Consultancy, Equity Ownership. Ducore: Octapharma: Research Funding; Bayer, Shire, HemaBiologics, Bioverativ, Octapharma, Spark Therapeutics: Other: Advisory board. Dasen: Spark Therapeutics: Employment. Carr: Spark Therapeutics: Employment. Anguela: Spark Therapeutics: Employment, Equity Ownership, Patents & Royalties. High: Spark Therapeutics: Employment, Equity Ownership, Patents & Royalties.
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