Session: 614. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: CAR-T Cell Immunotherapy
UCART22 cells harbor surface expression of an anti-CD22 CAR (CD22 scFv-41BB-CD3z) and the RQR8 ligand, a safety feature rendering the T-cells sensitive to the monoclonal antibody rituximab. To reduce the potential for alloreactivity, the cell surface expression of the T-cell receptor (TCR) is abrogated through the inactivation of the TCRα constant (TRAC) gene using Cellectis’ TALEN® gene-editing technology.
The level of CD22 cell surface molecules was measured using BD Quantbrite beads for both patient peripheral blood samples and B-ALL cell lines. B-ALL cell lines (n=8) expressed a greater amount of CD22 molecules per cell than patient samples (n=14) (5,028 +/- 1,342 compared to 951 +/-160 molecules/cell, p=0.044), with highest expression of CD22 in two Ph-like B-ALL cell lines (MUTZ5, shown in Figure1A and MHH-CALL4).
The in vitro cytotoxic activity of UCART22 cells was evaluated by co-culturing UCART22 or non-transduced CAR(-) TCRαβ(-) control T-cells (NTD) with B-ALL cell lines and primary human samples, at a maximum 10:1 effector to target ratio (represented in Figure1B). Using flow cytometry, significant antigen-specific cytotoxic activity of UCART22 cells was found compared to NTD controls and correlated with CD22 expression factored by the %kolmogorov-smirnov max difference in CD22-PE fluorescence compared to unstained controls (Pearson correlation r-squared for cell lines= 0.6850, p=0.0001 and r-squared for patient samples=0.6204, p=0.0008).
Secretion of 13 cytokines was measured after 1:1 co-incubation of effector and target cells. UCART22 cells stimulated by CD22(+) B-ALL, but not NTD cells, secreted high levels of IFNγ, TNFα, IL-5, IL-17A and IL-17F in the culture supernatants, with cytokine levels being proportionate to CD22 abundance (represented in Figure1C).
In addition, immune compromised mice engrafted with Daudi cells, a CD22(+) expressing Burkitt’s lymphoma cell line, were treated with UCART22 cells. Treatment doses of 1-10x10^6 cells per mouse reduced disease burden (Figure 1D), measured by bioluminescence imaging, and extended survival in a dose-dependent fashion compared to saline or NTD treated controls. Additional PDX studies using B-ALL patient derived xenografts are ongoing and will be presented. Altogether, these results show supporting evidence for the future use of allogenic UCART22 in B-ALL immunotherapy.
Disclosures: Schiffer-Manniou: Cellectis SA: Employment. Filipe: Cellectis: Employment. Gouble: Cellectis SA: Employment. Galetto: Cellectis SA: Employment. Jain: ADC Therapeutics: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Celgene: Research Funding; Verastem: Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; Abbvie: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding; Novimmune: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Servier: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Jabbour: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy. Smith: Cellectis Inc: Employment. Konopleva: Stemline: Research Funding.
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