Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster I
Methods: This study is an ongoing, open-label phase II study of Daratumumab in combination with Dexamethasone (NCT02626481). Sixty-four, heavily pretreated Patients were recruited in thirty centres in France and Belgium from November 2015, to receive Daratumumab and Dexamethasone. Daratumumab 16 mg/kg was administered weekly during the first two 28-day cycles, every other week during Cycles three through six, and monthly in Cycle seven and beyond until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients were all refractory to Lenalidomide (Len), Pomalidomide (Pom) (defined by a progression within 60 days from last drug dosing) and Bortezomib (Bz) (defined by a progression within 6 months from last drug dosing). The primary objective was overall response rate as per the International Myeloma Working Group criteria. A planned safety and efficacy interim analysis was performed after the first 19 patients were enrolled. The last patient was enrolled on the 1stof August 2016.
Results: Sixty-four patients were recruited onto the study. The median age (range) at screening was 61 (30-80). The median number (range) of prior lines of therapy was 6 (2-9). Sixty-seven percent of patient had previously received an autologous stem-cell transplant. At the time of screening, 20% of patients (n=13) had a t(4;14) and 12.5% (n=8) a del(17p).
Planned interim analysis after the first 19 patients were enrolled did not find any unexpected toxicity. Safety and efficacy results (data cut May 15, 2016) of Daratumumab 16 mg/kg are presented here. No patient discontinued treatment due to Treatment Emergent Adverse Event such as infusion related reactions. Ten (15%) patients discontinued treatment due to disease progression after a median of one-cycle. The most common non-haematological TEAEs included infusion related (IRR, n=5, 8%), and fatigue (n=6, 9.3%). All patients with IRRs recovered and continued to receive treatment. Only six (9.5%) patients experienced hyperthermia. Thrombocytopenia and neutropenia were the most frequently reported grade 3 or 4 TEAE (11 and 5% respectively).
Planned interim efficacy assessment showed a response rate (defined as a Partial Response (PR) or greater) in 3/19 patients at the end of the first cycle and 4/19 at the end of the second cycle, and a clinically relevant response (Stable Disease (SD) or greater) at the end of the second cycle for 11 of 19 patients, thus meeting the planed futility criteria and enabling the trial to go forward. As per the 15thof May, among the 40 evaluable patients (that had received at least 2 treatment cycles or progressed within the first) the overall response rate (3) was 25%, with eight (20%) partial responses (PR) and two (5%) very good partial responses (VGPRs) after a median of two cycles (range 1-5). An additional seven patients (17.5%) obtained a Minimal Response (MR) according to the EBMT criteria (4). This is consistent with prior results. Updated results will be presented at the time of ASH.
Conclusions: Daratumumab in combination with Dexamethasone is a safe treatment option with a favourable benefit/risk profile for the treatment of triple relapsed or refractory (Len, Pom and Bz) myeloma patients.
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3. Kyle R, Rajkumar S. Criteria for diagnosis, staging, risk stratification and response assessment of multiple myeloma. Leuk Off J Leuk Soc Am Leuk Res Fund UK. 2009 Jan;23(1):3–9.
4. Bladé J,et al. Criteria for evaluating disease response and progression in patients with multiple myeloma treated by high-dose therapy and haemopoietic stem cell transplantation. Myeloma Subcommittee of the EBMT. Br J Haematol. 1998 Sep;102(5):1115–23.
Disclosures: Boyle: Novartis: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria. Leleu: Novartis: Honoraria; LeoPharma: Honoraria; Pierre Fabre: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; TEVA: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Hulin: Amgen: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Bristol: Honoraria; celgene: Honoraria; takeda: Honoraria. Moreau: Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria; Millennium: Consultancy, Honoraria; Onyx Pharmaceutical: Consultancy, Honoraria. Fohrer: amgen: Consultancy; celgne: Consultancy. Decaux: SIEMENS: Honoraria, Other: supply of free light chain assays , Research Funding; The Binding Site: Other: supply of free light chain assays , Research Funding. Avet-Loiseau: celgene: Consultancy; amgen: Consultancy; janssen: Consultancy; sanofi: Consultancy. Attal: celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding; amgen: Consultancy, Research Funding; janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; sanofi: Consultancy. Facon: Celgene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: travel and expense, Speakers Bureau.
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