Program: Oral and Poster Abstracts
Session: 652. Myeloma: Pathophysiology and Pre-Clinical Studies, excluding Therapy: Poster III
We also found that ONC201 induced expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bim in myeloma cells, which can occur downstream of ERK inactivation. Knockdown of Bim expression in myeloma cells by shRNAs abrogated ONC201-induced apoptosis. Phosphorylation of Bim at Ser69 by Erk1/2 has been shown to promote proteasomal degradation of Bim. In accordance with this mechanism, we observed that ONC201 treatment reduced levels of phosphorylated Erk1/2, an indicator of Erk1/2 kinase activity, and Bim pSer69. In addition, ONC201 induced apoptosis in dexamethasome-, bortezomib-, and carfilzomib-resistant myeloma cell lines with the same efficacy as in wild-type cells.
As a rational strategy to increase the efficacy of ONC201 by enhancing its inhibition of proteasome-mediated Bim degradation, we tested combinations of ONC201 with proteasome inhibitors bortezomib or carfilzomib. These combinations were synergistic in reducing cell viability and enhancing Bim expression and PARP cleavage in myeloma cells. Overall, these findings demonstrate that ONC201 inhibits the Erk1/2 signaling pathway and induces Bim expression to induce apoptosis in multiple myeloma regardless of resistance to standard-of-care therapies. Our studies suggest that ONC201 should be evaluated clinically in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.
Disclosures: Allen: Oncoceutics: Employment, Equity Ownership.
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