Session: 102. Regulation of Iron Metabolism: Poster II
Results. HIV-1 replication was reduced in THP1 cells treated with hemin. Subsequent treatment with hepcidin restored HIV-1 replication, suggesting that ferroportin plays a key role in the HIV-1 inhibition. Stable ferroportin knock down in THP1 cells led to the inability of hemin to inhibit HIV-1, again suggesting that ferroportin plays a key role in this process. In hemin-treated THP-1 cells, expression of p21, HIF-1α and IKBα mRNA was induced. The expression of IKBα, an inhibitor of NF-kB, reduced the level of p65 subunit of NF-kB. We obtained similar results in THP-1 cell treated with iron chelators, which also induced the expression of IKBα, HIF-1 and p21. THP-1 cells treated with hemin or iron chelators were arrested in G1 phase of cell cycle. Stable HIF-1a knockdown in promonocytic THP-1 cells increased HIV replication suggesting that HIF-1 might be a restriction factor for HIV-1. In contrast to iron chelators that inhibited enzymatic activity of CDK2 without affecting its protein level, hemin treatment reduced CDK2 expression at mRNA and protein levels.
Conclusions. Induction of HIF-1 regulatory pathway and iron export by ferroportin might protect hemin-treated THP-1 cells from HIV-1 infection. Additional molecular mechanisms of heme-mediated HIV-1 inhibition might also include NF-kB inhibition by IKBα and CDK2 inhibition leading to the inhibition of HIV-1 transcription. Our results point to novel therapeutics, such as the use of hemin and iron chelators, both of which are FDA approved for treatment for acute porphyries and iron overload.
Acknowledgements. This project was supported by NIH Research Grants 1SC1GM082325, 2G12RR003048, and P30HL107253.
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Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
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