Session: 651. Myeloma - Biology and Pathophysiology, excluding Therapy: Poster I
Methods: Eight different MM cell lines and BM samples from MM patients were used in the study. The mechanism of action was investigated by MTT, Annexin V, cell cycle analysis, immunochemistry, Western-blotting and siRNA assays. For the in vivo analyses, Luc+/GFP+ MM.1S cells (2 x 106/mouse) were injected into the tail vein of 30 SCID mice and tumor progression was detected by bioluminescence imaging. In vivo homing was checked by in vivo flow. Nanofluidic proteomic immunoassays were performed in selected tumors. Results: Raptor (TORC1) and Rictor (TORC2) knockdowns led to significant inhibition of proliferation of MM cells even in the presence of bone marrow stromal cells, this effect was also accompanied by inactivation of p-Akt, p-rS6 and p-4EBP1. We used INK128, a dual and selective TORC1/2 kinase inhibitor with similar effects to Raptor plus Rictor knockdown. We examined the protein expression levels of both mTOR complex and their downstream effectors in MM plasma cells from patients and cell lines. mTOR, Akt, pS6R and 4E-BP1 are constitutively activated in all samples. We showed that dual TORC1/2 inhibition is much more active than TORC1 inhibition alone (rapamycin) even in the presence of cytokines or stromal cells. INK128 induced cell cycle arrest, autophagy and apoptosis in cell lines and primary plasma cells even in the presence of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). INK128 also showed a significant effect inhibiting cell adhesion in our in vivo homing model. Oral daily treatment with INK128 highly decreased the percentage of CD138+ tumor plasma cells in mice implanted with MM cells and reduced the levels of p-Akt and p-4EBP. These results suggest that potent and complete blockade of mTOR as part of TORC1 and TORC2 is potential therapeutic strategy to induce cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and disruption of MM cells interaction with the BM microenvironment. Conclusion: Dual inhibition of TORC1 and TORC2 represent a new and promising approach in the treatment of MM and its microenvironment. The ability of INK128 to inhibit both TORC1 and TORC2 strongly supports the potential use of this compound in MM patients.
Disclosures: Liu: Intellikine: Employment. Roccaro: Roche: Research Funding. Rommel: Intellikine: Employment. Ghobrial: Celgene: Consultancy; Millennium: Consultancy, Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Noxxon: Consultancy, Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding.
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